Statue of Pachacuti at Aguas Calientes
Also known as Machu Picchu Pueblo, the town of Aguas Calientes is about 4 miles from the Machu Picchu archaeological site. This is where the visitors stay overnight and take the bus or walk to the Machu Picchu site.
Pachacuti is the ninth Sapa Inca (the equivalent of a divine king) and the most famous one. During his rule, the Inca kingdom became an empire. He was responsible for developing his capital Cuzco into a well-developed city, and many famous monuments, including the Sun Temple in Cuzco known as Qorikancha, are attributed to him.
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