Peru with its beautiful beaches, jungles, rivers and spectacular and breathtaking landscapes is one of the most beautiful countries in the world. The Andes mountain range, which is home to diverse species of plants and animals, passes through Peru around the Cuzco region. Many plants and crops we take for granted originated in the Andes, including potato, tobacco, coca, and coffee.
Peru is also known as the land of the mighty Incas who ruled this territory from the 13th century until the Spanish conquered them in the 16th century. Built by the Incas, the magnificent citadel of Machu Picchu is an iconic landmark of Peru and was declared as one of the new seven wonders of the world.
Peru is located in the continent of South America. It borders the Pacific Ocean in the west, Columbia in the north, Brazil on the east and Bolivia in the southeast and Chile on the south.
The Peruvian currency is Nuevo Sol or plainly Sol and Soles in the plural. The ISO symbol is PEN. The approximate exchange rate is 3.22 Soles for the US Dollar.
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