A Dhyani Buddha statue with the Vara Mudra gesture
The image shows a statue of Dhyani Buddha (Meditating Buddha) with the Vara Mudra gesture. In Sanskrit, mudra literally means seal but refers to the hand gesture and vara means boon. In this gesture, with both the palms facing up, the left-hand palm is placed on the knee, and the right-hand palm is placed on the lap. It represents charity and compassion, and the Buddha with this mudra is known as Ratnasambhava. The Buddha statues facing south have this mudra.
There are 432 Dhyani Buddha statues on the Rupadhatu layer of the Borobudur Temple. Although these statues look alike, they have different mudras. In Buddhism, there are five different mudras, which are: Bhumisparsha Mudra, Dhyana Mudra, Abhaya Mudra, Vara Mudra, and Vitaraka Mudra. The Buddha statues facing a particular cardinal direction have the same mudras.
Here are the statues with the other type of mudras:
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