Mahavira in the Garbhagriha
The image shows a sculptural relief of a Tirthankara, most-likely Mahavira, seated majestically on a lion throne carved on the rear wall of the garbhagriha (inner sanctum) of Cave – 4, the fourth of the four rock-cut caves in Badami, Karnataka, India.
Mahavira is sitting under a chaitya vriksha (holy tree) with the Paryankasana posture (lotus-like pose with the upward-facing palms placed on top of each other). Around his head is a prabhamandala (halo), and above it is a mukkode, i.e., three umbrellas stacked one above the other. Flanking him are two chamaradharas (male chamara bearers), and above them are two Vidyadhara couples performing a pushpadhaare (offering a deluge of flowers).
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