The image shows a life-size sculptural relief depicting Pārshvanātha, the 23rd Tirthankara of Jainism, carved on the interior walls of Cave – 4, the fourth of the four rock-cut caves located near Badami in Karnataka, India.
Pārshvanātha is the successor Neminātha and the predecessor of Mahāvira, the most well-known and final Tirthankara. Historians believe that both Mahavira and Parshvanatha were historical figures. Born in the holy city of Varanasi, Pārshvanātha lived around 877 BCE and attained Moksha on Mount Summeta in present-day Madhuban in the state of Jharkhand, India.
In this relief, Pārshvanātha is depicted as a digambara (person with no clothes) with the Kayotsarga posture, i.e., meditating while standing. Notice the beautifully carved five-headed nāga above his head. This is one of the features that identify Pārshvanātha.
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