Iceland is a country like no other. It is is an island with a spectacular but strange eerie landscape. With a population of 350,000, it is one of the smallest countries in the world. While Iceland is smaller in terms of size the land mass and population, it is not small in terms of achievement. It prides itself with Nobel prize winner. It even qualified for the FIFA World Cup Soccer finals in 2018.
Although Iceland is located near the Arctic Circle, it is not brutally cold there. An underwater ocean current known as Gulf Stream in the Atlantic Ocean keeps it warmer.
Mid-Atlantic ridge passes through Iceland dividing it into two parts, which drift away from each other at a rate of 2cm per year.
Reykjavik is the capital of Iceland, and the majority of the Icelandic population lives here. It is also the hub for tourists who visit Iceland.
The sky in Iceland is often lit with the Northern Lights (also known as Aurora Borealis), which is a result of some phenomenon occurring in the sun. When electronic storms occur in the sun, they throw into space a massive amount of charged particles, which are caught by the earth magnetic field at the poles. During this process, the charged particles collide with the gases on the earth’s atmosphere resulting in a spectacular display of multi-colored lights as shown in the images below.
Iceland is home to several spectacular waterfalls.
Gullfoss, which means Golden Waterfall in the Icelandic language, is one of the most visited attractions in Iceland. Located 70 miles northeast of Reykjavik, Gullfoss is on the Hvítá River’s path. The Hvítá River gets its water from the nearby glaciers.
As you can see from the image, Gullfoss is a two-drop waterfall. The first drop is shorter and calmer, whereas the second drop is higher and fiercer. The water from the second drop falls into the Gullfossgjúfur canyon with an enormous force. With a height of 230 feet, the second drop is an awe-inspiring sight.
Faxi is a small waterfall compared to Gullfoss. It is located on the Tungufljót River’s path near Skálholt Cathedral.
Iceland is home a lot of geothermal activities and has two types geothermal areas, which are:
- Hot areas : These are high temperature areas. Areas near volcanoes come under these category.
- Cold areas: The areas outside the volcanic zone come under these category.
Located in the Geysir geothermal area of Iceland, the Strokkur Geyser is a spectacular sight during its eruption, which happens regularly at every 8 to 10 minutes. During eruption, it spews hot water to a height of 25 to 35 meters in the air.
Strokkur means churn in the Icelandic language. It is one of the few active geysers in the world that erupt at regular intervals. Some of the other famous geysers are Pohutu in Rotorua, New Zealand and Old Faithful in the Yellow Stone Park, USA. The video shows three continuous eruptions, which happens once in a way.
Copyright © 2019 by Lawrence Rodrigues. All rights reserved.