Nike of Paionios
The image shows a beautifully sculpted marble statue of Nike that stood on a pillar near the Temple of Zeus, which is situated inside the Sanctuary of Olympia in Greece. This statue was restored from the fragments excavated near the Temple of Zeus, and is now on display at the Olympia Archaeological Museum.
According to the inscription on the base of this statue, it was dedicated by the Messenians and Naupactians to commemorate their victory against the Lacedaemonians (Spartans?) in the Peloponnesian war. The statue was carved using Parian marble by Paionois of Mendi around 421 BCE. It was sculpted to give an impression that Nike, the Goddess of Victory, was triumphantly descending from Mount Olympos.
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