Located on the lower Mekong basin, Tonlé Sap is the largest freshwater lake in Southeast Asia. Because of the seasonal changes, its size fluctuates. During the dry season, the lake shrinks as the water flows out of the lake into the rivers. During the wet season, the lake expands as the water flows into the lake from the rivers, and the water level rises as much as 30 feet. Thus, it acts as a natural reservoir.
The maximum dimensions of the lake are, length – 260 miles, width – 62 miles, and depth – 33 feet
The Tonlé Sap is located 30 miles south of Siem Reap in Cambodia.
Tonle’ Sap is home to many floating villages inhabited mostly by the Vietnamese and Cham people. They earn their livelihood by fishing and crocodile farming.
In addition to floating houses, these villages have floating schools, shops, and even churches. See the images below.
The wild Siamese crocodiles are native to Southeast Asia and are on the United Nations endangered species list. However, they are allowed to be farmed in Tonlé Sap.
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